List of Oxbow Lakes in Kenya
Oxbow lakes are U-shaped lake that forms when a meandering river erodes the outer banks of a bend and deposits sediment on the inner banks, causing the river to shift its course. They can be found in many different locations worldwide, including in Kenya. In this article, I will provide you with a comprehensive list of notable Oxbow lakes found in Kenya.
Oxbow lakes can be found in various parts of Kenya, such as the Kerio Valley, the Nzoia River, and the Tana River Delta. These lakes are formed when a meandering river erodes the outer banks of a bend and deposits sediment on the inner banks, causing the river to shift its course.
These lakes often provide essential habitats for various plant and animal species and are also used for fishing, irrigation, and other human activities. There are a few notable oxbow lakes in Kenya, such as:
List of Oxbow Lakes in Kenya
1. Lake Victoria
It is the largest oxbow lake in Kenya and the source of the Nile River. It is located on the border of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. It is a vital resource for the people living along its shores, providing fish and water for irrigation. It is also a popular tourist destination for its beaches, fishing, and water sports.
2. Lake Naivasha
It is a freshwater lake near the town of Naivasha in the Great Rift Valley and is known for its thriving ecosystem and wildlife. It is a popular spot for fishing, boat rides, and visiting the nearby Hell’s Gate National Park.
3. Lake Baringo
A freshwater lake in the Great Rift Valley, it is known for its diverse birdlife and fishing opportunities and is a popular spot for birdwatching. It is home to over 450 bird species, including the Lesser Flamingo, Great White Pelican, and Goliath Heron.
4. Lake Turkana
Also known as the Jade Sea, it is the largest desert lake in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located in the northern part of Kenya and is known for its unique ecosystem and diverse fish species.
5. Lake Kanyaboli
It is situated within the Yala Swamp, a vital wetland ecosystem home to a diverse array of plant and animal life. The lake and surrounding swamp are known for their rich biodiversity, including various fish species, crocodiles, hippos, and bird species.
6. Lake Magadi
A soda lake in the southern part of the Great Rift Valley, it is known for its hot springs and large flocks of flamingos.
7. Lake Elementaita
It is located near Nakuru and is also known for its birdlife. It is home to thousands of flamingos and other waterbirds, making it a popular destination for birdwatchers.
8. Lake Gambi
It is situated in Tana River County and is formed by the meandering of the Tana River. The lake is known for its rich biodiversity and is a popular destination for ecotourism, bird watching, and fishing. The lake and its surrounding area are home to a variety of fish species, crocodiles, and a wide range of bird species, including the endangered Tana River red colobus monkey, found only in the area. The lake also supports subsistence and commercial fishing and is an important water source for irrigation and livestock.
These are just a few examples of the oxbow lakes found in Kenya. Many of them are formed by rivers flowing through the Great Rift Valley, known for its unique geological formations and often providing essential habitats for various plant and animal species.